Details of Minimum Standards – Landlord’s Obligations
For each apartment, flat or house being rented as a separate unit the rental property must be in a proper state of structural repair. The Regulations require that the property is maintained in a sound state, inside and out. They specify that roofs, roofing tiles, slates, windows, floors, ceilings, walls, stairs, doors, skirting boards, fascias, tiles on any floor, ceiling and wall, gutters, down pipes, fittings, furnishings, gardens and common areas must be maintained in good condition and repair. They must not be defective due to dampness or otherwise.
Electricity or gas supplies must be safe and in good repair, and that every room has adequate ventilation and both natural and artificial lighting.
Laundry, food preparation and food storage
Regulation 7 requires that access is provided to:
- A washing machine
- A clothes-dryer if the dwelling does not have a private garden or yard
There must also be facilities for cooking and for the hygienic storage of food, to include the following:
- 4-ring hob with oven and grill
- Cooker hood or extractor fan
- Fridge and freezer, or a fridge-freezer
- Microwave oven
- Kitchen cupboards that are suitable and adequate for storing food
- Sink with mains water supply, hot water and draining area
For dwellings rented from local authorities and approved housing bodies, the relevant requirements are in Article 7 of the Housing (Standards for Rented Houses) Regulations 1993. This Article requires the landlord to provide facilities for:
- Installation of cooking equipment with provision, where necessary, for the safe and effective removal of fumes
- Hygienic storage of food
- A sink with hot and cold water
- A separate room, for the exclusive use of each rented unit, with a toilet, a washbasin and a fixed bath or shower with hot and cold water
- A fixed heating appliance in each room, which is capable of providing effective heating and which the tenant can control
- A fire blanket and smoke alarms
- Access to vermin-proof and pest-proof refuse storage facilities
In multi-unit buildings, each unit must be provided with a mains-wired smoke alarm; a fire blanket; and an emergency evacuation plan. There must also be emergency lighting in common areas.
Read more about the minimum standards, including a guide to minimum standards in rented accommodation (pdf). New guidelines will be available shortly, incorporating the extra requirements which came into effect on 1 July 2017.
Extra requirements from July 2017
With effect from 1 July 2017, when the Housing (Standards for Rented Houses) Regulations 2017 came into force:
- Windows that are located above a certain height are fitted with safety restrictors, in order to prevent falls
- There is a permanently fixed heater in each bathroom/shower room and these heaters are properly ventilated and maintained
- Each dwelling contains, where necessary, carbon monoxide detectors and alarms, which must be suitably located
Local authorities (in their role as housing authorities) are responsible for enforcing these minimum standards.